What is Autism
ASD or Autism Spectrum Disorder is a Nero Developmental Disorder categorized by difficulties in social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive patterns of though and behoviour.
Many children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) will receive another diagnosis at some point in their development. In a 2008 study, seventy percent of a sample of children with ASD ages 10 to 14, had also been diagnosed with another disorder. Forty-one percent has been diagnosed with two or more additional disorders (Simonoff,et al). These additional disorders, comorbid diagnoses, can at times be extremely debilitating for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Even if your child doesn’t have autism, he may need help for something else. “If a parent is worried, it’s rarely nothing,” says Susan Hyman, a paediatrician and chair of the autism subcommittee at the American Academy of Paediatrics. “Parents recognize when something is different about their child.
Not one child on the spectrum is the same thus each child must be treated on their own merit. One Size does not fit all. These children are unique and this means that each child’s learning plan must be unique.
Speech problems. A person with autism may:
· Not talk at all
· Utter grunts, cries, shrieks, or throaty, harsh sounds
· Hum or talk in a musical way
· Babble with word-like sounds
· Use foreign-sounding “words” or robotic-like speech
· Parrot or often repeat what another person says (called echolalia)
· Use the right phrases and sentences, but with an un-expressive tone of voice
About one out of three people with autism has trouble producing speech sounds to effectively communicate with others. The person’s language, if present, is simply too hard to understand.
Communication problems. A person with autism may have one or more of these communication challenges:
· Trouble with conversational skills, which include eye contact and gestures
· Trouble understanding the meaning of words outside the context where they were learned
· Memorization of things heard without knowing what’s been said
· Reliance on echolalia — the repeating of another’s words as they are being said — as the main way to communicate
· Little understanding of the meaning of words or symbols
· Lack of creative language
Because of these challenges, a child with autism must do more than learn how to speak. The child also has to learn how to use language to communicate. This includes knowing how to hold a conversation. It also includes tuning into both verbal and nonverbal cues from other people — such as facial expressions, tone of voice, and body language.
What is the benefits of Early Intervention?
There is increasing recognition that the first few years of a child’s life are a particularly sensitive period in the process of development, laying a foundation in childhood and beyond for cognitive functioning; behavioral, social, and self-regulatory capacities; and physical health.
- Gross Motor Development
- Fine Motor Development
- Eating & Drinking Skills
- Communication Skills
- Social & Emotional Development
- Understanding & Thinking Skills
- Early Start Denver Model
- Applied Behavioural Analysis
- Hand Over Hand assistance
- Tiny Handz
- Peg Cards
- Positive reinforcement
Defuse a situation before it escalates
Autism Spectrum Disorder with Comorbid Disorders